Swimming Pool heating systems: A review of applied models

Silvio Alejandro Jimenez, Victor Carrillo, Manuel Alejandro Alvarado

Abstract


Swimming pool heating that is both efficient and ecological has become increasingly important to the development of new technologies and initiatives to protect the environment. This article, therefore, outlines previous research on the subject, acquired primarily from secondary sources and filtered based on criteria such as relevance, credibility, consistency, and applicability. Our goal is to provide an overview of the current literature and point out less-developed areas where research could be expanded. The results of the various studies suggest a widespread disagreement over calculating evaporation and make clear the need to generate integrative models that standardize this calculation.

Keywords


Heating, swimming pools, modeling, verification.

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


P. Sun, J. Y. Wu, R. Z. Wang y Y. X. Xu, «Analysis of indoor environmental conditions and heat pump energy supply,» Energy and Buildings, nº 43, p. 1071–1080, 2011.

T. Chow, Y. Bai, K. Fong y Z. Lin, «Analysis of a solar assisted heat pump system for indoor swimming pool water and space heating,» Applied Energy, nº 100, p. 309–317, 2012.

L. Johansson y L. Westerlund, «Energy savings in indoor swimming-pools: comparison between different heat-recovery systems,» Applied Energy, nº 70, pp. 281-303, 2001.

R. Lazzarin, «Alternative heating of a municipal swimming pool,» Revue Internationale du Froid, vol. 6, nº 2, pp. 118-122, 1983.

R. M. Lazzarin y G. A. Longo, «Comparison of heat recovery systems in public indoor swimming pools,» Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 16, nº 7, pp. 561-570, 1996.

E. Trianti-Stourna, K. Spyropoulou, C. Theofylaktos, K. Droutsa, C. Balaras, M. Santamouris, D. Asimakopoulos, G. Lazaropoulou y N. Papanikolaou, «Energy conservation strategies for sports centers: Part B . Swimming pools,» Energy and Buildings , nº 27 , pp. 123-135, 1998.

E. Ribeiro, H. M. Jorge y D. Quintela, «HVAC System Energy Optimization in Indoor Swimming Pools,» de Proceedings of the 2011 3rd International Youth Conference on Energetics (IYCE) , Leiria, 2011.

A. Dang, «A parametric study of swimming pool heating,» Energy Convers. Mgmt, vol. 26, nº 1, pp. 27-31, 1986.

L. A. Tagliafico, «An approach to energy saving assessment of solar assisted heat pumps for swimming pool water heating,» Energy and Buildings, nº 55, p. 833–840, 2012.

J. Noguera, Artist, Climatización de una piscina cubierta mediante la combinación de energía solar térmica, geotermia y caldera de apoyo de biomasa.. [Art]. Universidad de Barcelona; Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña, 2011.

J. T. Czarnecki, «A Method of Heating Swimming Pools by Solar Energy,» Solar Energy, vol. 7, nº 1, pp. 3-7, 1963.

J. A. Cusido y J. Puigdomenech, «An experimental solar system for swimming pool heating in Mediterranean climates,» Solar& Wind Technology , vol. 3, nº 2, pp. 141-145, 1986.

R. C. Yucra, «Estudio para la climatización de la piscina y la produccion de agua caliente sanitaria acs con energia solar de la UNAP,» de IV Conferencia Latino Americana de Energía Solar (IV ISES_CLA) y XVII Simposio Peruano de Energía Solar (XVII - SPES), Cusco, 2010.

L. Cunio y A. Sproul, «Performance characterisation and energy savings of uncovered swimming pool solar collectors under reduced flow rate conditions,» Solar Energy, nº 86, p. 1511–1517, 2012.

S. Venkannah, «Reducing fuel consumption and CO2 emission by properly selecting the parameters for pool heating,» de AFRICON 2002 Conference, George, 2002.

G. Szeic y R. C. McMonagle, «The heat balance of urban swimming pools,» Solar Energy, vol. 30, nº 3, pp. 247-259, 1983.

G. P. Greyvenstein y J. P. Meyer, «The viability of heat pumps for the heating of swimming pools in South Africa,» Energy, vol. 16, nº 7, pp. 1031-1037, 1991.

R. Croy, «Development of low-cost solar plants for swimming pool water heating,» de Clean and Safe Energy Forever, Hilden, International Solar Energy Society , 1990, pp. 806-810.

W. W. Chan y J. C. Lam, «Energy-saving supporting tourism sustainability: A case study of hotel swimming pool heat pump,» Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 11, nº 1, pp. 74-83, 2003.

A. I. Alkhamist y S. A. Sheriff, «Performance analysis of a solar-assisted swimming pool heating system,» Energy, vol. 17, nº 12, pp. 1165-1172, 1992.

B. Šťastný, K. Slavíčková y B. Ježková, «Energy saving possibilities for swimming pools,» International Journal of Engineering Sciences and Research Technology, vol. 7, nº 3, pp. 768-774, 2014.

J. Facão y A. C. Oliveira, «Analysis of a micro-cogeneration system using hybrid solar/gas collectors,» International Journal of Low Carbon Technologies , vol. 4, nº 1, pp. 285-297, 2006.

A. Gayo, Artist, Auditoría energética en una piscina climatizada. [Art]. Universidad Pontificia Comillas, 2009.

F. Asdrubali, «A scale model to evaluate water evaporation from indoor swimming pools,» Energy and Buildings, nº 41 , p. 311–319, 2009.

Y. Dong, H. Yonghong y X. Gaohong, «Design of Indoor Swimming Pool Water Temperature Control System Based on Fuzzy Controller and Smith Predictor,» de 2010 International Conference on Intelligent and Advanced Systems (ICIAS), Kuala Lumpur, 2010.

M. R. Brambley y S. E. Wells, «Energy-conservation measures for indoor swimming pools,» Energy, vol. 8, nº 6, pp. 403-418, 1983.

T. Lu, X. Lü y M. Viljanen, «Prediction of water evaporation rate for indoor swimming hall using neural networks,» Energy and Buildings , nº 81, p. 268–280, 2014.

M. Singh, G. N. Tiwari y Y. P. Yadav, «Solar energy utilization for heating of indoor swimming pool,» Energy Convers. Mgmt , vol. 29, nº 4, pp. 239-244, 1989.

E. M. Albarracín, J. Sanabria y A. Maíllo, «Ahorro de energía en piscinas cubiertas,» El instalador, nº 441, pp. 16-37, 2007.

G. N. Tiwari y S. B. Sharma, «Design parameters for indoor swimming-pool heating using solar energy,» Energy, vol. 16, nº 6, pp. 971-975, 1991.

M. V. Mančić, D. S. Živković, P. M. Milosavljević y T. M. N., «Mathematical modelling and simulation of the thermal performance of a solar heated indoor swimming pool,» Thermal Science, vol. 18, nº 3, pp. 999-1010, 2014.

D. J. P., Artist, Modelado dinámico de una piscina climatizada asistida con energía solar. [Art]. Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, 2013.

N. Muñoz, Artist, Obtención de agua caliente para piscinas utilizando colectores solares de placa plana operando por termosifón. [Art]. Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, 2010.

D. Govaer y Y. Zarmi, «Analytical evaluation of direct solar heating of swimming pools,» Solar Energy , vol. 27, nº 6, pp. 529-533, 1981.

E. T. Santos, L. E. Zárate y E. M. D. Pereira, «Hybrid thermal model for swimming pools based on artificial neural networks,» Expert Systems with Applications, nº 40, p. 3106–3120, 2013.

S. D. R. Rico, Artist, Diseño del sistema de calefacción de la piscina de la UPB, campus laureles. [Art]. Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2010.

I. Ahmad y N. A. Khan, «Solar swimming pool heating in Pakistan,» de Proceedings of ISES World Congress 2007 (Vol. I – Vol. V), Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2009, pp. 2033-2037.

Govind y M. Sodha, «Thermal model of solar swimming pools,» Energy Convers. Mgmt, vol. 23, nº 3, pp. 171-175, 1983.

G. Zsembinszki, M. M. Farid y L. F. Cabeza, «Analysis of implementing phase change materials in open-air swimming pools,» Solar Energy , nº 86, p. 567–577, 2012.

H. F. Nouanegue, S. Sansregret, B. LeLostec y A. Daoud, «Energy model validation of heated outdoor swimming pools in cold weather,» de Proceedings of Building Simulation 2011:12th Conference of International Building Performance Simulation Association, Sydney, 2011.

I. Luminosu y A. DeSabata, «Feasibility of a Solar Swimming Pool in the Western Part of Romania,» de 8th IEEE International Symposium on Applied Computational Intelligence and Informatics, Timisoara, 2013.

W. Haaf, U. Luboschik y B. Tesche, «Solar swimming pool heating: description of a validated model,» Solar Energy, vol. 53, nº 1, pp. 41-46, 1994.

J. Woolley, C. Harrington y M. Modera, «Swimming pools as heat sinks for air conditioners: Model design and experimental validation for natural thermal behavior of the pool,» Building and Environment, nº 46, pp. 187-195, 2011.

S. Sharma, Artist, Calculation of heat losses from nit-Rourkela’s swimming pool and a study on evaporative losses using MATLAB. [Art]. National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, 2011.

C. Rakopoulos y E. Vazeos, «A model of the energy fluxes in a solar heated swimming poll and its experimental validation,» Energy convers Mgmt, vol. 27, nº 2, pp. 189-195, 1987.

D. Govaer, «Determining the solar heating of swimming pools by the utilizability method,» Solar Energy, vol. 32, nº 5, pp. 667-669, 1984.

Y. P. Yadav y G. N. Tiwari, «Analytical model of solar swimming pool: transient approach,» Energy Convers. Mgmt, vol. 27, nº 1, pp. 49-54, 1987.

D. Borge, A. Colmenar, M. Castro, S. Martín y E. Sancristobal, «Exergy efficiency analysis in buildings climatized with LiCl–H2O solar cooling systems that use swimming pools as heat sinks,» Energy and Buildings, nº 43, pp. 3161-3172, 2011.

J. L. Duomarco y M. Pérez, «Solar heating of swimming pools,» de Ninth International IBPSA Conference, Montréal, 2005.

F. H. Fahmy, H. M. Farghally y N. M. Ahmed, «Swimming Pool System Based on Geothermal Energy in Egypt,» Journal of Next Generation Information Technology(JNIT), vol. 5, nº 1, pp. 27-40, 2014.

M. M. Shah, «Prediction of evaporation from occupied indoor swimming pools,» Energy and Buildings, nº 35, p. 707–713, 2003.

E. Ruiz y P. J. Martínez, «Analysis of an open-air swimming pool solar heating system by using an experimentally validated TRNSYS model,» Solar Energy, nº 84, pp. 116-123, 2010.

R. Almanza y J. Lara, «Energy requirements for a swimming pool through a water-atmosphere energy balance,» Solar Energy, vol. 53, nº 1, pp. 37-39, 1994.

C. C. Smith, G. Lof y R. Jones, «Measurement and analysis of evaporation from an inactive outdoor swimming pool,» Solar Energy, vol. 53, nº 1, pp. 3-7, 1994.

C. Harrington y M. Modera, «Swimming pools as heat sinks for air conditioners: California feasibility analysis,» Energy and Buildings, nº 59, p. 252–264, 2013.

«Monitoring and simulation of the thermal performance of a solar heated outdoor swimming polls,» Solar Energy, vol. 53, nº 1, pp. 9-19, 1994.

C. C. Smith, G. Lof y R. Jones, «Rates of evaporation from swimming pools in active use,» ASHRAE Transactions, vol. 104, nº 1, pp. 514-523, 1998.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18180/tecciencia.2015.19.4

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 TECCIENCIA