Technical and Economic Evaluation of a Small-Scale Wind Power System Located in Berlin, Colombia.

Maria de los Angeles Pinto Calderon, Jennifer Katerine Moreno Calderon, Yecid Alfonso Muñoz Maldonado, Adalberto Ospino

Abstract


This work evaluates the possibility of increasing the national and regional competitiveness from the local generation of energy in Berlin – Santander, based on a technical and economic feasibility assessment of a small-scale wind energy generation system. Despite the important growth wind energy in Colombia has acquired over the last years, there is still a very limited number of investigations and projects. For the Andean region of Colombia there is a considerable lack of academic or industrial projects that address this topic. Hence, the importance of the study lies down in the potential explored for an environment that had not yet been addressed and may become determinant for the technological and academic advancement in the wind energy knowledge for the country. The study is conducted from a database provided by the Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies (IDEAM) at a meteorological station located in Berlin-Santander. The available wind potential is calculated for the climatic conditions of 2015. Three different Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS), 1 kW, 3 kW and 900 kW, are technically compared to determine the best option for the given conditions. Finally, a brief economic evaluation is carried out to determine the economic viability of the project and lay the groundwork for further investigations.


Full Text:

PDF

References


A. Spanjer, “Russian gas price reform and the EU–Russia gas relationship: Incentives, consequences and european security of supply,” 2007.

J. D. Hamilton, “Historical oil shocks,” No. 16790, 2011.

UPME, “Integración de las energías renovables no convencionales en Colombia,” Colombia, 2015.

SIEL, “Informe mensual de variables de generación y del mercado eléctrico colombiado,” 2016.

J. Dobias, “El fenómeno de El Niño y su impacto en la generación hidroeléctrica de Chixoy,” 2015.

J. P. Valencia Quintero, “Generación distribuida: Democratización de la energia eléctrica,” Univ. Libr., 2008.

S. Dean and B. Illowsky, “Sampling and Data: Frequency, Relative Frequency, and Cumulative Frequency,” Saylor Academy, 2011. [Online]. Available: https://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/MA121-1.1.3-3rd.pdf.

A. Ilinca, E. McCarthy, J.-L. Chaumel, and J.-L. Rétiveau, “Wind potential assessment of Quebec Province,” Renew. Energy, vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 1881–1897, Oct. 2003.

S. Cucó Pardillos, “Gestor de proyectos e instalaciones energéticas. Energías renovables, eficiencia y auditorías energéticas, diseño y explotación de instalaciones energéticas. Modulo Energía Eólica. Instalaciones Eólicas, Segunda ed. Edición. Instituto Tecnológico de la Energía (ITE), 2010.

HBM Prenscia Inc., “Characteristics of the Weibull Distribution.” [Online]. Available: http://www.weibull.com/hotwire/issue14/relbasics14.htm. [Accessed: 27-Feb-2018].

W. Álvarez, L. Martínez, and A. Alvarado, “Aplicación de la ecuación de Weibull para determinar el potencial eólico en Tunja-Colombia,” Perú, 2013.

A. Parajuli, “A Statistical Analysis of Wind Speed and Power Density Based on Weibull and Rayleigh Models of Jumla, Nepal,” Nepal. Energy Power Eng., vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 271–282, 2004.

J. Manwell and et al., Wind Energy Explained. Great Britain Chippenham-Wiltshire, 2011.

M. Bencherif, “Optimum Selection of Wind Turbines,” Sci. J. Energy Eng., vol. 2, no. 4, p. 36, 2014.

C. Moreno Figueredo and et al., Diez respuestas y preguntas sobre energía eólica. CUBASOLAR, 2007.

E.U.I.T.I Toledo, “Diseño y dimensionado de una instalación fotovoltaica.” [Online]. Available: http://studylib.es/doc/88959/instalaciones-fotovoltaicas-en-viviendas. [Accessed: 28-Feb-2018].

CORPORACIÓN EMA, “Determinación de inversiones y gastos de administración, operación y mantenimiento para la actividad de generación en zonas no interconectadas utilizando recursos no renovables,” 2012.

M. Alonso Abella, “Dimensionado de Sistemas Fotovoltáicos,” E.U.I.T.I Toledo.

ESSA, “Tarifas ESSA 2017,” 2017.

Banco de la República de Colombia, “Indicadores de inflación básica y su variación anual.” [Online]. Available: http://www.banrep.gov.co/es/inflacion-basica. [Accessed: 28-Feb-2018].

CORPORACIÓN EMA, “Inversiones y gastos de AOM para la actividad de generación en zonas no interconectadas utilizando recursos renovables,” 2012.

IDEAM, “Catálogo Estaciones IDEAM.” [Online]. Available: https://www.datos.gov.co/Ambiente-y-Desarrollo-Sostenible/Catalogo-Estaciones-IDEAM/n6vw-vkfe/data. [Accessed: 21-Feb-2018].

ESSA EPM, “Proyecto piloto de generación Eólica en Santander,” 2017.

IDEAM, “Densidad de energía eólica a 20 y 50 metros de altura,” in Atlas de Viento y Energía Eólica de Colombia, Colombia, p. 75.

C. Carrillo, J. Cidrás, E. Díaz-Dorado, and A. Obando-Montaño, “An Approach to Determine the Weibull Parameters for Wind Energy Analysis: The Case of Galicia (Spain),” Energies, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 2676–2700, Apr. 2014.

Nohana3000, “Aerogeneradores 300 W, 500 W ,1 kW y 2 kW.” [Online]. Available: http://www.nohana3000.com/wp-content/uploads/5.Aerogeneradores-300-500-1-kw-y-2-kw.pdf. [Accessed: 26-Feb-2018].

MIT, “Ficha técnica equipos minieólicos: ELIWIND*IT-Zefiro 3kWp,” 2013.

ENERCON, “ENERCON product overview,” 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.enercon.de/fileadmin/Redakteur/Medien-Portal/broschueren/pdf/en/ENERCON_Produkt_en_06_2015.pdf. [Accessed: 26-Feb-2018].

TEICAN, “Tarifa aerogeneradores y accesorios,” 2012.

Renewables First Ltd, “Introduction to Farm Wind Turbines / Medium-wind Turbines,” 2011.

Revosolar, “Inversores/Cargadores.” [Online]. Available: http://www.revosolar.com/tienda-online-solar/es/18-inversores-cargadores. [Accessed: 27-Feb-2018].

Link Media Agency, “Controladores, rectificadores, reguladores de carga.” [Online]. Available: http://www.lmagency.biz/contents/es/d15.html. [Accessed: 27-Feb-2018].

AutoSolar, “Baterías de GEL 48V.” [Online]. Available: https://autosolar.es/baterias-gel-48v. [Accessed: 27-Feb-2018].

SoloSotkcs, “Torre aerogenerador Bornay p 400 13mtrs.” [Online]. Available: http://www.solostocks.com/venta-productos/otros-productos-equipamiento-electrico/torre-aerogenerador-bornay-p-400-13mtrs-24555906. [Accessed: 27-Feb-2018].

R. Di Paolo, “Los costos de instalación de un parque eólico,” 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.sololocal.info/index.php/noticias/3224-los-costos-de-instalacion-de-un-parque-eolico. [Accessed: 27-Feb-2018].


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 TECCIENCIA