Semantic Model Representation In Colombian Computer Law

Juan Fernando Rojas, Julio Baron, Paulo Gaona


Ontological representations in different domains of reality enable the creation of conceptual relationships that can be coded to reuse and share knowledge. The present article proposes a semantic model representation in Colombian computer law through the methodological process of Methontology. This proposal is the first approximation of a legal semantic model in Colombia that allows structuring searches founded on inferences to obtain information with a high degree of relevance for lawful expert users. The queries of the proposed model are made by semantic content, contrasting to the current legal information search engines which execute queries by textual coincidence.


Knowledge; conceptualization; semantics; computer law; model; inference; ontology

Full Text:



C.S. Judicatura. Indicators of Management of the Judicial Branch. [Online]. Available:, accessed 08, 04, 2018.

Pordata. [Online]. Available:, accessed 08, 02, 2018.

La congestión judicial en el país, ¿un problema de números?. El Nuevo Siglo, Sep. 2017. [Online]. Available:, accessed 08, 02, 2018.

Mora J.S., “El Funcionamiento del Sistema Judicial: Nueva Evidencia Comparada” BDE.ES.; 2013, no. 11, pp. 57-67.

Breuker J., Valente A., Winkels R., Use and Reuse of Legal Ontologies in Knowledge Engineering and Information Management. In: Benjamins V.R., Casanovas P., Breuker J., Gangemi A. editors. Law and the Semantic Web. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Berlin: Springer Publishing Company; 2005, vol. 3369, pp. 36-64.

Velázquez H.J., Lógica Deóntica: Breve Panorama de la Cuestión, Cuadrante PHI - Revista de Estudiantes de Filosofía; 2015, no. 28.

Khan Z.C., Keet C.M., Toward a Framework for Ontology Modularity, in Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Research Conference on South African Institute of Computer Scientists and Information Technologists, SAICSIT ’15, Stellenbosch, South Africa, September, 2015. doi: 10.1145/2815782.2815819

Hoekstra R., Breuker J., Di Bello M., Boer A., The LKIF Core Ontology of Basic Legal Concepts, in Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Legal Ontologies and Artificial Intelligence Techniques, Stanford, USA, June, 2007, pp. 43-63.

Ghosh M.E., Automation of Legal Reasoning and Decision Based on Ontologies, 2018.

Pinto H.S., Martins J.P., Ontology integration: How to perform the process, in Proceedings of the IJCAI 2001 Workshop on Ontologies and Information Sharing, Seattle, USA, August, 2001, pp. 71-80.

Hois J., Bhatt M., Kutz O., Modular Ontologies for Architectural Design, in FOMI-09 Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, Vicenza, Italy, September, 2009, pp. 66-77. doi: 10.3233/978-1-60750-047-6-66

Guizzardi G., Bhatt M., Kutz O., The Role of Foundational Ontology for Conceptual Modeling and Domain Ontology Representation, in 7th International Baltic Conference on Databases and Information Systems, Vilnius, Lithuania, July, 2006. doi: 10.1109/DBIS.2006.1678468

Guizzardi G., Wagner G., Using the Unified Foundational Ontology (UFO) as a Foundation for General Conceptual Modeling Languages, In: Poli R., Healy M.J., Kameas A. editors. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Computer Applications, Springer Publishing Company, 2010, pp. 175-196. 10.1007/978-90-481-8847-5_8

Protégé. [Online]. Available:, accessed 10, 03, 2018.

Gomez-Pérez A., Ortiz F., Villazón-Terrazas B., Legal Ontologies for the Spanish e-Government, Current Topics in Artificial Intelligence. In: Marín R., Onaindía E., Bugarín A., Santos J. editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin: Springer Publishing Company; 2006, vol. 4177,

Haarslev V., Möller R., Turhan A., Exploiting Pseudo Models for TBox and ABox Reasoning in Expressive Description Logics, in Automated Reasoning, First International Joint Conference, IJCAR 2001, Siena, Italy, June, 2001, pp. 18-23. doi: 10.1007/3-540-45744-5_6

Calvanese D., De Giacomo G. & M. Lenzerini, “Description Logics for Information Integration,” Computational Logic: Logic Programming and Beyond, vol. 2408, pp. 41-60, July, 2002. 10.1007/3-540-45632-5_2

De Giacomo G., Lenzerini M., “TBox and ABox Reasoning in Expressive Description Logics,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Workshop on Description Logics, Cambridge, USA, November, 1996.

ABC Legislativo. [Online]. Available:, accessed 08, 04, 2018.

Kelsen H., General Theory of Norms. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1991.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 TECCIENCIA